V. 325, №1 The Planet Resources, 2014

Increase of hydrogeological investigation efficiency in kazakhstan applying the newest informational technologies Bulletin of the Tomsk Polytechnic University Vol. 325, № 1 : The Planet Resources

Relevance: modern computer technologies application in hydrogeological investigations. Aim of the research: development, improvement of methodology and information technology application when solving the problems connected with ground water utilization and their protection from impoverishment and pollution, as well as with protection of engineering structures from poisonous impact of ground waters. Methods: joint utilization of mathematical modeling methods, geoinformational systems, database management systems, earth remote sensing methods, Global Positioning Systems when studying hydrogeological objects and processes. Results: The authors have developed the geoinformational mathematical models of different hydrogeological objects of Kazakhstan to solve the following tasks: groundwater supply assessment; forecasting of flooding processes in coastal zone; groundwater contamination of very toxic substances; salinization of aeration zone soil near irrigated massifs as the result of hydrogeological and meliorative conditions change. Conclusions: Use of the developed methodologies and methods of the informational technologies applications increases considerably the efficiency of hydrogeological investigations, lowers the labour expenditures of preparation and analysis of initial data, increases the accuracy of calibration of models and accuracy of the prognoses received from them; helps when preparing the effective recommendations for ground waters utilization, their protection from impoverishment and pollution and protects engineering structures from poisonous impact of ground waters

Keywords:

hydrogeology, mathematical modeling, geoinformation systems, thermal waters, remote sensing

Authors:

Panichkin Vladimir Yu.

Miroshnichenko Oksana L.

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